W3C W3C Member Submission

TELIX: Ontology Specification

W3C Member Submission FIXME-date

This version:
http://www.w3.org/Submission/2011/SUBM-telix-specification-2011fixme/
Latest version:
http://www.w3.org/Submission/telix--ontology-specification-ontology/
Authors:
Luis Polo <luis.polo@fundacionctic.org>
Emilio Rubiera <emilio.rubiera@fundacionctic.org>
Diego Berrueta <diego.berrueta@fundacionctic.org>

This document is available under the W3C Document License. See the W3C Intellectual Rights Notice and Legal Disclaimers for additional information.


Abstract

TELIX is an OWL vocabulary to model text encoding and to facilitate linguistic information exchange as RDF graphs. It extends SKOS XL, which allows capturing lexical entities as RDF resources, and it overcomes SKOS expressive limitations. TELIX introduces a number of classes and properties aiming to provide natural language acquisition and extraction tools with powerful mechanisms to build, on the one hand, interchangeable, multilinguistic lexical resources (such as dictionaries or thesauri), and on the other hand, to represent the outcomes of their text analysis (annotations content). The full specification of TELIX can be found in [FIXME-Technical report ONTORULE-D1.4], where complete details about the ontology and modeling decisions are provided.

Status of This Document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

This document is part of the TELIX Submission which comprises three documents:

  1. TELIX Overview and Motivation
  2. TELIX Linguistic annotations
  3. TELIX Implementation and Use cases

Earlier versions of the TELIX specification have been published within the wp activity of the ONTORULE project at TELIX Annex

By publishing this document, W3C acknowledges that the Submitting Members have made a formal Submission request to W3C for discussion. Publication of this document by W3C indicates no endorsement of its content by W3C, nor that W3C has, is, or will be allocating any resources to the issues addressed by it. This document is not the product of a chartered W3C group, but is published as potential input to the W3C Process. A W3C Team Comment has been published in conjunction with this Member Submission. Publication of acknowledged Member Submissions at the W3C site is one of the benefits of W3C Membership. Please consult the requirements associated with Member Submissions of section 3.3 of the W3C Patent Policy. Please consult the complete list of acknowledged W3C Member Submissions.


Table of Contents

1 Introduction

This section introduces TELIX (Text Encoding and Linguistic Information eXchange), an OWL vocabulary for the representation linguistic information as RDF graphs. TELIX is conceived as an extension of the W3C vocabulary SKOS XL. TELIX introduces a number of classes and properties aiming to provide natural language acquisition and extraction tools with powerful mechanisms to build, on the one hand, interchangeable, multilinguistic lexical resources (such as dictionaries or thesauri) in the web and to represent, on the other hand, the outcomes of their text analysis. 

Lexical-oriented web dictionaries and thesauri

TELIX is (partially) built on W3C SKOS eXtension for Labels (SKOS-XL), which introduces term literals as RDF resources within SKOS conceptual schemes. Moreover, TELIX fixes the interpretation of skosxl:Label as lexemes, pairings of particular ortographic (and phonological) form with a meaning representation. The meaning is supposed to be captured by a skos:Concept or a domain-specific ontology concept. Canonical forms of lexemes (lemmas) are the values of the property skosxl:literalForm in a SKOS XL terminology.

As it was stated previously, TELIX does not distinguish between homonyms and polysemous words, i.e. there are not words with multiple senses. A new lexeme is created for each word sense and all the lexemes with the same citation form are directly related via this property: homonym

Lexical relations

TELIX extends the property skosxl:labelRelation to capture the different possible lexicographic relations between terms:

Collocations

A collocation is “any statistically significant co-occurence of words” [FIXME]. It is comprised by a target word and its surrounding context (also known as local pattern). A SKOS-XL label may have several patterns of appearance in texts, thus TELIX introduces the concept telix:Context to capture the idea of collocation. The relation between the target label and its contexts is expressed via the property telix:inContext. A telix:Context definition considers the following aspects:

Text Analysis

Text segmentation

TELIX proposes a global model to deal with documents which is twofold. On the one hand, at one first level, by identifying the kind of resources TELIX can deal with. On the other, by defining properly the textual units potentially exploited by the model proposed by TELIX.

The Figure above shows the hierarchic minimal text segmentation provided by TELIX, from Sentence, which is the minimal text segmentation and part of the following level Paragraph, to Section the upper level textual unit taken into account by TELIX.

Feature structures

Grammatical information such as the number (singular or plural) of a noun, or a verb form (e.g. whether it is a present participle, an infinitive, etc.) serve to describe lexical entries. Instead of associating words in the lexicon with a single atomic category, TELIX treats a lexical category as a complex of grammatical properties, using the notion standardly referred as feature structure to model them. TELIX allows that any complex feature structure regarding different grammar levels may be transformed to an equivalent RDF graph.

It is out of the scope of this specification to provide a complete mapping from features structures and types used in grammars such as HPSG or LFG, but the TELIX model render it easily feasible.

Parts-of-speech, POS or lexical tags provide useful information about their neighbors, i.e. the words with which they usually combine, are also reperesented in TELIX by means of the mechanism of feature structures. To this end, a class called PartOfSpeech draws together all the distinct word classes and a new property, telix:pos

is intended to relate labels with their syntactic category. The latter must be functional, as the same word can not be member of different word classes.

TELIX also bears a property enabling to express these hierarchies between large lists of part-of-speech: telix:refines. This property telix:refines, in conjunction with the TELIX part-of-speech tags, allows to group large lists of elements, such as the one provided by C7 tagset, with 146 wordclasses, or the Brown corpus. This mechanism provides a certain, although limited, degree of interoperability among different part-of-speech taxonomies, as they may agree via the mediation of TELIX. Nevertheless, telix:refines should not be mistaken as a subsumption mechanism. Due to the functional restriction of telix:pos, a DL reasoner would deduce that two part-of-speech tags related by means of telix:refines are the same, which is not always desirable.

More details about this complex feature structure matter are given in the TELIX Technical Report [FIXME].

Discourse analysis

Reference relations

In a given discourse, multiple expressions may refer to the same thing, or in linguistic jargon, they share the same referent, i.e. they corefer. Natural language expressions used to perform reference are called referring expressions, which range from (1) definite/indefinite noun phrases: “the/a dog in the street”; (2) proper nouns: “The Eiffel Tower” or “Barcelona”; and (3) Pro-forms, such as pronouns and deictics: "she" or "their", respectively.

TELIX introduces a new property called telix:corefers to express coreference relationships between several refe[rring expressions within the same text. To fully capture the semantics of correference, telix:corefers is defined as symmetric and transitive. The coreference is not restricted to a pro-form and its referent: “[Charlie]i saw [his]i friends", but it is also possible between independent referring expressions, such as: “[A magpie]i has just taken us over. I love [that bird]i.

In addition, TELIX provides two inverse subproperties of telix:corefers to refine the anaphoric relationship between coreferent expressions.Notice that these properties work independently of the linear sequence of the text. This means that anaphoras, which antecedents appear prior in the discourse, and cataphoras, which antecedents come later, are equally captured by these two properties.

Discourse structure

Facing the discourse structure of a text, TELIX dissociates the discourse analysis from the actual segmenation of the text, which provides a linear order of a number of text spans. To this end, a new kind of entities are introduced in the linguistic model, DiscourseUnit. These elements capture the elementary components of a text discourse structure, which in fact may correspond with a single (or a list of) textual units or other categories coming from the syntactical analysis of the text (such as clause). An essential requisite must be fulfilled: discourse unist can not overlaps in the text. The property telix:spans relates the elementary discourse units with the corresponding text segmentations.

TELIX also distinguishes between SimpleDiscourseUnit and ComplexDiscourseUnit. The former captures the elementary discourse meaning which correspond to non-overlapping fragments of text. The latter represents the discourse composition from simpler units. Elementary and complex discourse units come related with the property telix:composedBy which allows to derive tree-like discourse structures in RDF.

On the other hand, TELIX provides a set of properties to represent the rethorical relations between the discourse units, both elementary and complex ones, following Marcu [FIXME] and Thomas and Mann [FIXME]. The flexibility of RDF enables to express tree-like and graph-like discourse structures:

  1. Hypotactic properties, also known as mononuclear, where there exists a dependence relation (nucleus-satellite) between the discourse units.
  2. Paratactic properties, also known as multinuclear, which are relations between units of equal importance (nucleus-nucleus).

5 Linguistic annotations

A linguistic annotation consists of any descriptive or analytic marks dealing with raw language data extracted from texts or any other kind of recordings. A large and heterogeneous number of linguistic features can be involved. Typically linguistic annotations include part-of-speech tagging, syntactic segmentation, morphological analysis, co-references marks, phonetic segmentation, prosodic phrasing, intonation or gesture marks and discourse structures, among others.

In business scenarios, there is an increasing need to interchange linguistic information and annotations, as well as the source documents they refer to, among software tools by different vendors. Text analysis and information acquisition often require incremental steps with associated intermediate results. Moreover, tools and organizations make use of shared resources such as thesauri or annotated corpus. Therefore, there is a need of appropriate standards that support this open information interchange. These standards must provide means to model and serialize the information as files.

Some of the requirements for a linguistic annotation framework seems to be: expressive adequacy, media independency, semantic adequacy, incrementality, uniformity, openness, extensibility, human readability, processability (explicitness) and consistency. The RDF framework features these properties, and therefore it constitutes a solid foundation. RDF graphs make use of custom vocabularies defined by ontologies. Therefore, we introduce TELIX, a lightweight ontology that provides comprehensive coverage of linguistic annotations and builds on previous resources, such as feature structures and SKOS concept schemes. TELIX takes advantage from the RDF/OWL expressive power while being compatible with previously developed materials such as lexicons and terminolgies. Moreover, translations from traditional linguistic annotation formats to RDF are possible.

6. TELIX at a glance

An alphabetical index of NAME terms, by class (concepts) and by property (relationships, attributes), are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: AdjectivalPhrase, AdpositionalPhrase, AdverbialPhrase, Annotation, Aspect, CC, CD, Case, Category, ComplexDiscourseUnit, ConjunctionPhrase, Context, Corpus, DT, DiscourseUnit, EX, FW, Gender, GrammaticalFeature, IN, JJ, JJR, JJS, LS, LabelOccurrence, MD, Mood, NN, NNP, NNPS, NNS, NounPhrase, Number, PDT, POS, PRP, PRPS, Paragraph, PartOfSpeech, Person, Phrase, PostpositionPhrase, PrepositionalPhrase, RB, RBR, RBS, RP, SP, SYM, Section, Sentence, SimpleDiscourseUnit, TO, Tense, TextualUnit, Token, UH, VB, VBD, VBG, VBN, VBP, VBZ, VerbPhrase, Voice, WDT, WP, WPS, WRB,

Properties: abbreviationModifier, adjectivalComplement, adjectivalModifier, adverbialClauseModifier, adverbialModifier, agent, agreement, anaphora, antecedent, antithesis, antonym, appositionalModifier, argument, aspect, attributive, auxiliary, background, case, childNode, circumstance, clausalComplementWithExternalSubject, clausalComplementWithInternalSubject, clausalSubject, collocation, complement, complementArgument, complementizer, composedBy, concession, condition, conjunct, constrollingSubject, contrast, coordination, corefers, dependent, determiner, elaboration, elementOfCompoundNumber, enablement, evaluation, evidence, expletive, feature, follows, gender, head, homonym, hypernym, hyponym, hypotactic, inContext, infinitivalModifier, interpretation, justify, length, marker, modifier, mood, motivation, negationModifier, nominalSubject, nonVolitionalCause, nonVolitionalResult, nounCompoundModifier, number, numericModifier, object, occurs, offset, otherwise, paratactic, participialModifier, person, phrasalVerbParticle, pos, position, possessionModifier, possessiveModifier, precedes, prepositionalModifier, probability, purpose, purposeClauseModifier, realizes, referent, refines, relative, relativeClauseModifier, restatement, semanticDependent, sense, sequence, solutionhood, source, specifier, subject, summary, synonym, temporalModifier, tense, value, voice, volitionalCause, volitionalResult, window,

Instances: ablative, accusative, active, antipassive, applicative, causative, cc, cd, conditional, dative, distributivePlural, dt, dual, ex, femenine, first, future, fw, genitive, gnomic, imperative, imperfective, in, inchoative, indicative, instrumental, interrogative, jj, jjs, jussive, locative, ls, masculine, md, middle, neuter, nn, nnp, nnps, nns, nominative, optative, passive, past, paucal, pdt, perfective, plural, pose, potential, present, prp, prps, quadral, rb, rbr, rbs, rp, second, singular, subjunctive, sym, third, to, trial, uh, vb, vbd, vbg, vbn, vbp, vbz, vocative, wdt, wp, wps,

7. Cross-reference for TELIX terms

...

Class: telix:AdjectivalPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#AdjectivalPhrase

Adjectival phrase - An adjectival phrase is a phrase built upon an adjective, which functions as the head of that phrase.

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:AdpositionalPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#AdpositionalPhrase

Adpositional phrase - An adpositional phrase (category including both prepositional phrases and postpositional phrases) is a phrase containing an adposition in the head position and usually a complement such as a noun phrase.

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:AdverbialPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#AdverbialPhrase

Adverbial phrase - An adverbial phrase or AdvP is a linguistic term for a group of two or more words operating in an adverbial way.

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:Annotation

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Annotation

Annotation - Class annotation captures linguistic annotations as entities within the model. It describes the annotation itself and it is also used to identify which linguistic data belongs to a particular annotation or to another.

sub-class-of:
owl:Thing
in-domain-of:
telix:source

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Class: telix:Aspect

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Aspect

Aspect - A linguistic feature having to do with the internal temporal flow of a given action, event or state (in a given situation).

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:aspect

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Class: telix:CC

URI: http://purl.org/telix#CC

CC - Coordinating conjuction

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:CD

URI: http://purl.org/telix#CD

CD - Cardinal number

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Case

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Case

Case - A linguistic feature based on the different forms (inflections) taken by nouns, pronouns and adjectives depending on their function in a phrase, clause or sentence.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:case

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Class: telix:Category

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Category

Category - The projection of lexical elements in a syntactic parse tree.

in-domain-of:
telix:childNode
telix:feature
telix:probability
in-range-of:
telix:childNode
telix:head

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Class: telix:ComplexDiscourseUnit

URI: http://purl.org/telix#ComplexDiscourseUnit

Complex discourse unit - A complex non-overlapping span of text.

sub-class-of:
telix:DiscourseUnit
in-domain-of:
telix:composedBy

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Class: telix:ConjunctionPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#ConjunctionPhrase

Conjunction phrase - A conjunction phrase is a phrase built upon a conjunction, which functions as the head of that phrase.

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:Context

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Context

Context - Also known as "local pattern", it is the word entourage that helps disambiguating the word itself.

in-domain-of:
telix:source
telix:collocation
telix:probability
telix:window
in-range-of:
telix:inContext

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Class: telix:Corpus

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Corpus

Corpus - A linguistic corpus comprised by a collection of documents.

sub-class-of:
http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Collection
in-range-of:
telix:source

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Class: telix:DT

URI: http://purl.org/telix#DT

DT - Determiner

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:DiscourseUnit

URI: http://purl.org/telix#DiscourseUnit

Discourse unit - A discourse unit is a non-overlapping text span.

in-domain-of:
telix:antithesis
telix:background
telix:circumstance
telix:concession
telix:condition
telix:contrast
telix:elaboration
telix:enablement
telix:evaluation
telix:evidence
telix:hypotactic
telix:interpretation
telix:justify
telix:motivation
telix:nonVolitionalCause
telix:nonVolitionalResult
telix:otherwise
telix:paratactic
telix:purpose
telix:restatement
telix:sequence
telix:solutionhood
telix:summary
telix:volitionalCause
telix:volitionalResult
in-range-of:
telix:antithesis
telix:background
telix:circumstance
telix:composedBy
telix:concession
telix:condition
telix:contrast
telix:elaboration
telix:enablement
telix:evaluation
telix:evidence
telix:hypotactic
telix:interpretation
telix:justify
telix:motivation
telix:nonVolitionalCause
telix:nonVolitionalResult
telix:otherwise
telix:paratactic
telix:purpose
telix:restatement
telix:sequence
telix:solutionhood
telix:summary
telix:volitionalCause
telix:volitionalResult

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Class: telix:EX

URI: http://purl.org/telix#EX

- EX

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:FW

URI: http://purl.org/telix#FW

FW - Foreign word

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Gender

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Gender

Gender - A linguistic feature showing a system in the grammar of some languages in which nouns. pronouns (and any modifier or other type of word affecting that noun, as adjectives or articles) are classified as belonging to a certain gender -often masculine, feminine or neuter.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:gender

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Class: telix:GrammaticalFeature

URI: http://purl.org/telix#GrammaticalFeature

Grammatical feature - Grammatical features are elements into which linguistic units can be divisible in order to obtain better ways to analyse and describe a given language.

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Class: telix:IN

URI: http://purl.org/telix#IN

IN - Preposition

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:JJ

URI: http://purl.org/telix#JJ

JJ - Adjective

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:JJR

URI: http://purl.org/telix#JJR

JJR - Adjective, comparative

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:JJS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#JJS

JJS - Adjective, superlative

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:LS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#LS

LS - List item marker

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:LabelOccurrence

URI: http://purl.org/telix#LabelOccurrence

Label occurrence - A single occurrence of a term in a document or a text

in-domain-of:
telix:abbreviationModifier
telix:adjectivalComplement
telix:adjectivalModifier
telix:adverbialClauseModifier
telix:adverbialModifier
telix:agent
telix:anaphora
telix:antecedent
telix:appositionalModifier
telix:argument
telix:attributive
telix:auxiliary
telix:clausalComplementWithExternalSubject
telix:clausalComplementWithInternalSubject
telix:clausalSubject
telix:complement
telix:complementArgument
telix:complementizer
telix:conjunct
telix:constrollingSubject
telix:coordination
telix:corefers
telix:dependent
telix:determiner
telix:elementOfCompoundNumber
telix:expletive
telix:feature
telix:head
telix:infinitivalModifier
telix:marker
telix:modifier
telix:negationModifier
telix:nominalSubject
telix:nounCompoundModifier
telix:numericModifier
telix:object
telix:occurs
telix:participialModifier
telix:phrasalVerbParticle
telix:possessionModifier
telix:possessiveModifier
telix:prepositionalModifier
telix:purposeClauseModifier
telix:realizes
telix:referent
telix:relative
telix:relativeClauseModifier
telix:semanticDependent
telix:sense
telix:specifier
telix:subject
telix:temporalModifier
in-range-of:
telix:abbreviationModifier
telix:adjectivalComplement
telix:adjectivalModifier
telix:adverbialClauseModifier
telix:adverbialModifier
telix:agent
telix:anaphora
telix:antecedent
telix:appositionalModifier
telix:argument
telix:attributive
telix:auxiliary
telix:childNode
telix:clausalComplementWithExternalSubject
telix:clausalComplementWithInternalSubject
telix:clausalSubject
telix:complement
telix:complementArgument
telix:complementizer
telix:conjunct
telix:constrollingSubject
telix:coordination
telix:corefers
telix:dependent
telix:determiner
telix:elementOfCompoundNumber
telix:expletive
telix:infinitivalModifier
telix:marker
telix:modifier
telix:negationModifier
telix:nominalSubject
telix:nounCompoundModifier
telix:numericModifier
telix:object
telix:participialModifier
telix:phrasalVerbParticle
telix:possessionModifier
telix:possessiveModifier
telix:prepositionalModifier
telix:purposeClauseModifier
telix:referent
telix:relative
telix:relativeClauseModifier
telix:semanticDependent
telix:specifier
telix:subject
telix:temporalModifier

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Class: telix:MD

URI: http://purl.org/telix#MD

MD - Modal

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Mood

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Mood

Mood - A linguistic feature which describes the relation of the verb to reality or intent in speaking. It is different from grammatical tense or grammatical aspect, although these concepts are conflated to some degree in many languages. some of the most common moods include conditional, imperative, indicative, potential, subjunctive, etc.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:mood

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Class: telix:NN

URI: http://purl.org/telix#NN

NN - Noun, singular or mass

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:NNP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#NNP

NNP - Proper noun, singular

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:NNPS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#NNPS

NNPS - Proper noun, plural

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:NNS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#NNS

NNS - Noun, plural

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:NounPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#NounPhrase

Noun phrase - Noun phrase or NP is a phrase based on a noun, pronoun, or other noun-like word (nominal).

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:Number

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Number

Number - A linguistic feature of a noun, pronoun, adjective and verb agreement, or other parts of speech depending on the language, that conveys some information about quantity or count distinctions without using numerals.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:number

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Class: telix:PDT

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PDT

PDT - Predeterminer

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:POS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#POS

POS - Possessive ending

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:PRP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PRP

PRP - Personal pronoun

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:PRPS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PRPS

PRP$ - Possessive pronoun

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Paragraph

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Paragraph

Paragraph - A distinct portion of a text with a particular idea, usually beginning with an indentation on a new line. Paragraphs are used to help the reader understand a full text by breaking down it.

sub-class-of:
telix:TextualUnit

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Class: telix:PartOfSpeech

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PartOfSpeech

Part of speech - It can be also considered a linguistic feature as it affects to words (or more precisely lexical items), which are generally defined by the syntactic or morphological behaviour of the lexical item in question.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:pos

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Class: telix:Person

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Person

Person - A linguistic feature consisting on a deictic reference to a participant (speaker, addressee or others) in an event. This feature typically defies a language's set of personal pronouns and it also often affects verbs, nouns, pronouns, articles and possessive relationships.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:person

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Class: telix:Phrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Phrase

Phrase - A phrase is a group of words which form a constituent and so function as a single unit in the sentence.

sub-class-of:
owl:Thing
in-domain-of:
telix:anaphora
telix:childNode
telix:complement
telix:corefers
telix:feature
telix:head
telix:sense
telix:specifier
telix:probability
in-range-of:
telix:antecedent
telix:childNode
telix:complement
telix:corefers
telix:specifier

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Class: telix:PostpositionPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PostpositionPhrase

Postposition phrase - A postpositional phrase is a phrase containing a preposition in the head (ending) position and usually a complement such as a noun phrase.

sub-class-of:
telix:AdpositionalPhrase

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Class: telix:PrepositionalPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#PrepositionalPhrase

Prepositional phrase - A prepositional phrase, also PP, is a phrase containing a preposition in the head (initial) position and usually a complement such as a noun phrase.

sub-class-of:
telix:AdpositionalPhrase

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Class: telix:RB

URI: http://purl.org/telix#RB

RB - Adverb

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:RBR

URI: http://purl.org/telix#RBR

RBR - Adverb, comparative

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:RBS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#RBS

RBS - Adverb, superlative

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:RP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#RP

RP - Particle

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:SP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#SP

SP - Sentence phrase

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:SYM

URI: http://purl.org/telix#SYM

SYM - Symbol

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Section

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Section

Section - A section is a subdivision that is visually separated from each other with a section break, typically consisting of extra space between the sections.

sub-class-of:
telix:TextualUnit

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Class: telix:Sentence

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Sentence

Sentence - An expression in natural language, usually defined to indicate a grammatical unit, bearing minimal syntactic relation to the words that precede or follow it, often preceded and followed in speech by pauses, having one of a small number of characteristic intonation patterns, and typically expressing a statement, question, request or command.

sub-class-of:
telix:TextualUnit
in-range-of:
telix:occurs

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Class: telix:SimpleDiscourseUnit

URI: http://purl.org/telix#SimpleDiscourseUnit

Simple discourse unit - A simple non-overlapping span of text.

sub-class-of:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Class: telix:TO

URI: http://purl.org/telix#TO

TO - "to"

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:Tense

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Tense

Tense - A linguistic feature that locates a situation in time, indicating when the situation takes place. Languages which have tense usually indicates it by a verb or modal verb, often combined with other features, such as aspect, mood or voice.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:tense

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Class: telix:TextualUnit

URI: http://purl.org/telix#TextualUnit

Textual unit - The structure of a text can be segmented according to a number of criteria: paragraphs, sentences, chapters, titles, etc.

sub-class-of:
owl:Thing
in-domain-of:
telix:follows
telix:precedes
telix:length
telix:offset
telix:position
telix:value
in-range-of:
telix:follows
telix:precedes

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Class: telix:Token

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Token

Token - A token is a contiguous string of alphabetic (sometimes also numerical) characters. Tokens are separated by whitespace characters, or by punctuation characters, as punctuation is not included in the resulting list of tokens. The class token provides an auxiliary entity to empower tools performing different interpretations of lexical entities, i.e., which are the materializations of terms in the text fragment (LabelOccurrence).

sub-class-of:
telix:TextualUnit

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Class: telix:UH

URI: http://purl.org/telix#UH

UH - Interjection

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VB

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VB

VB - Verb, base form

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VBD

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VBD

VBD - Verb, past tense

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VBG

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VBG

VBG -

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VBN

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VBN

VBN - Verb, past participle

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VBP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VBP

VBP - Verb, non-3rd person singular present

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VBZ

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VBZ

VBZ - Verb, 3rd person singular present

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:VerbPhrase

URI: http://purl.org/telix#VerbPhrase

Verb phrase - A verb phrase or VP is a syntactic structure composed of the predicative elements of a sentence.

sub-class-of:
telix:Phrase

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Class: telix:Voice

URI: http://purl.org/telix#Voice

Voice - A linguistic feature, also called diathesis, of a verb which describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object). The most common voices are active and passive, although other kinds can be found along world languages, such as middle, causative, cooperative voices, etc.

sub-class-of:
telix:GrammaticalFeature
in-range-of:
telix:voice

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Class: telix:WDT

URI: http://purl.org/telix#WDT

WDT - Wh-determiner

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:WP

URI: http://purl.org/telix#WP

WP - Wh-pronoun

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:WPS

URI: http://purl.org/telix#WPS

WP$ - Possessive wh-pronoun

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Class: telix:WRB

URI: http://purl.org/telix#WRB

WRB - Wh-adverb

sub-class-of:
telix:Category

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Property: telix:abbreviationModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#abbreviationModifier

Abbreviation modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:adjectivalComplement

URI: http://purl.org/telix#adjectivalComplement

Adjectival complement -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:adjectivalModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#adjectivalModifier

Adjectival modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:adverbialClauseModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#adverbialClauseModifier

Adverbial clause modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:adverbialModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#adverbialModifier

Adverbial modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:agent

URI: http://purl.org/telix#agent

Agent -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:argument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:agreement

URI: http://purl.org/telix#agreement

Agreement - Property Agreement is a form of cross-reference between different parts of a sentence or phrase.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature

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Property: telix:anaphora

URI: http://purl.org/telix#anaphora

Anaphora - Property anaphora links a referring expression to its dependent pro-forms.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:corefers
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:antecedent

URI: http://purl.org/telix#antecedent

Antecedent - Property antecedent relates a pro-form with the referring expression it is bound to.

Inverse:
telix:anaphora
OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:corefers
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase

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Property: telix:antithesis

URI: http://purl.org/telix#antithesis

Antithesis - Property antithesis denies a positive regard to one or more discourse units.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:antonym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#antonym

Antonym - A relation between labels words which meanings are considered as opposite.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
OWL Type:
SymmetricProperty
sub-property-of:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#labelRelation

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Property: telix:appositionalModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#appositionalModifier

Appositional modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:argument

URI: http://purl.org/telix#argument

Argument -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:aspect

URI: http://purl.org/telix#aspect

Aspect -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Aspect

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Property: telix:attributive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#attributive

Attributive -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:auxiliary

URI: http://purl.org/telix#auxiliary

Auxiliary -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:background

URI: http://purl.org/telix#background

Background - Property Background improves the comprehension of a discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:case

URI: http://purl.org/telix#case

Case -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Case

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Property: telix:childNode

URI: http://purl.org/telix#childNode

Child node - Property child node enables to capture syntactic parse trees.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:Category
telix:Phrase
Range:
telix:Category
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase

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Property: telix:circumstance

URI: http://purl.org/telix#circumstance

Circumstance - The circumstance property presents a (realized) situation.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:clausalComplementWithExternalSubject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#clausalComplementWithExternalSubject

Clausal complement with external subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:clausalComplementWithInternalSubject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#clausalComplementWithInternalSubject

Clausal complement with internal subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:clausalSubject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#clausalSubject

Clausal subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:subject
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:collocation

URI: http://purl.org/telix#collocation

Collocation - Property collocation marks the sequence of words surrounding a target label.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:Context
Range:
xsd:string

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Property: telix:complement

URI: http://purl.org/telix#complement

Complement - Property complement describes the syntactic combinatory of a given linguistic entity, for instance an intransitive verb.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label

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Property: telix:complementArgument

URI: http://purl.org/telix#complementArgument

Complement-argument -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:argument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:complementizer

URI: http://purl.org/telix#complementizer

Complementizer -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:composedBy

URI: http://purl.org/telix#composedBy

composed by - A larger object is composed by other smaller objects.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:ComplexDiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:concession

URI: http://purl.org/telix#concession

Concession - Property Concession provides an acknowledge compatibility between 2 or more discourse units despite of an apparent or potential incompatibility.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:condition

URI: http://purl.org/telix#condition

Condition - Property condition provides a condition about the realization of the assertion presented by a nuclear discourse unit depending on the one presented by a satellite one.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:conjunct

URI: http://purl.org/telix#conjunct

Conjunct -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:constrollingSubject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#constrollingSubject

Constrolling subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:semanticDependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:contrast

URI: http://purl.org/telix#contrast

Contrast - Property Contrast states that the situation presented in two nuclear discourse units can be compared by highlighting the differences between them.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:paratactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:coordination

URI: http://purl.org/telix#coordination

Coordination -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:corefers

URI: http://purl.org/telix#corefers

Corefers - Property corefers captures the coreference relationships between several referring expressions within the same text.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
OWL Type:
SymmetricProperty
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase

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Property: telix:dependent

URI: http://purl.org/telix#dependent

Dependent -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:determiner

URI: http://purl.org/telix#determiner

Determiner -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:elaboration

URI: http://purl.org/telix#elaboration

Elaboration - The elaboration property presents additional detail about the matter which is presented in a previous discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:elementOfCompoundNumber

URI: http://purl.org/telix#elementOfCompoundNumber

Element of compound number -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:enablement

URI: http://purl.org/telix#enablement

Enablement - Property Enablement provides potential ability to carry out an action presented in another discourse reading.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:evaluation

URI: http://purl.org/telix#evaluation

Evaluation - Property Evaluation presents how a satellite discourse unit assesses the situation presented by a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:evidence

URI: http://purl.org/telix#evidence

Evidence - Property Evidence presents realiable arguments conveyed by a satellite discourse unit to believe the assertion of a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:expletive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#expletive

Expletive -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:feature

URI: http://purl.org/telix#feature

Grammatical feature -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:Category
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label

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Property: telix:follows

URI: http://purl.org/telix#follows

Follows - Property follows expresses linear continuity between textual units at the same level.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit
Range:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:gender

URI: http://purl.org/telix#gender

Gender -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Gender

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Property: telix:head

URI: http://purl.org/telix#head

Head - Property head expresses the head of a syntactic constituent. In HPSG it links the phrase and the lexical entities to their syntactic category.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label
Range:
telix:Category

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Property: telix:homonym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#homonym

Homonym - A relation between two terms with the same citation form, but with a different meaning.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
OWL Type:
SymmetricProperty
sub-property-of:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#labelRelation

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Property: telix:hypernym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#hypernym

Hypernym - Hypernym property marks the relation between two terms where the meaning of one term is considered broader (or more generic) than the other.

Inverse:
telix:hyponym
OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#labelRelation

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Property: telix:hyponym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#hyponym

Hyponym - A relation between two terms where the meaning of one term is considered narrower (or more specific) than the other.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#labelRelation

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Property: telix:hypotactic

URI: http://purl.org/telix#hypotactic

Hypotactic - The hypotactic relations, also known as mononuclear, feature a dependence relation (nucleus-satellite) between the discourse units.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:inContext

URI: http://purl.org/telix#inContext

In context -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label
Range:
telix:Context

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Property: telix:infinitivalModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#infinitivalModifier

Infinitival modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:interpretation

URI: http://purl.org/telix#interpretation

Interpretation - Property Interpretation shows a framework of ideas provided by a satellite discourse unit not involved in a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:justify

URI: http://purl.org/telix#justify

Justify - Property Justify provides a justification presented by a satellite discourse unit helping to accept something asserted in a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

[back to top]

Property: telix:length

URI: http://purl.org/telix#length

Length - The length of a textual unit mesured by the number of characters.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:marker

URI: http://purl.org/telix#marker

Marker -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

[back to top]

Property: telix:modifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#modifier

Modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

[back to top]

Property: telix:mood

URI: http://purl.org/telix#mood

Mood -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Mood

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Property: telix:motivation

URI: http://purl.org/telix#motivation

Motivation - Property Motivation provides more desire to carry out an action presented in another discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:negationModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#negationModifier

Negation modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:adverbialModifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:nominalSubject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nominalSubject

Nominal subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:subject
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

[back to top]

Property: telix:nonVolitionalCause

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nonVolitionalCause

Non-volitional cause - Property Non-volitional cause shows a a situation presented by a satellite discourse unit as a cause of the situation presented in a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:nonVolitionalResult

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nonVolitionalResult

Non-volitional result - Property Non-volitional result shows a situation presented by a nuclear discourse unit as possibly caused by the situation presented by a satellite discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:nounCompoundModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nounCompoundModifier

Noun compound modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:number

URI: http://purl.org/telix#number

Number -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Number

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Property: telix:numericModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#numericModifier

Numeric modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:object

URI: http://purl.org/telix#object

Object -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:occurs

URI: http://purl.org/telix#occurs

Occurs - Each label occurrence occurs in text as a set of characters and has a fixed position

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:Sentence

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Property: telix:offset

URI: http://purl.org/telix#offset

Offset - The offset indicates the location of a textual unit within the context of its immediately superior textual unit.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:otherwise

URI: http://purl.org/telix#otherwise

Otherwise - Property Otherwise presents an unrealized situation. The realization of the situation presented in a nuclear discourse unit prevents the realization of the situation presented by a satellite discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:paratactic

URI: http://purl.org/telix#paratactic

Paratactic - The paratactic relations, also known as multinuclear, feature relations between units of equal importance (nucleus-nucleus).

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:participialModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#participialModifier

Participial modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:person

URI: http://purl.org/telix#person

Person -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Person

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Property: telix:phrasalVerbParticle

URI: http://purl.org/telix#phrasalVerbParticle

Phrasal verb particle -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:pos

URI: http://purl.org/telix#pos

Part of speech -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Property: telix:position

URI: http://purl.org/telix#position

Position - The position of a textual unit indicates the order of this textual unit in the family of sibling textual units within the context of its immediately superior textual unit.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:possessionModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#possessionModifier

Possession modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:possessiveModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#possessiveModifier

Possessive modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:precedes

URI: http://purl.org/telix#precedes

Precedes - Property precedes expresses linear continuity between textual units at the same level but from the end of a text fragment to the beginning.

Inverse:
telix:follows
OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit
Range:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:prepositionalModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#prepositionalModifier

Prepositional modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:probability

URI: http://purl.org/telix#probability

Probability - Property probability marks the probability of a given linguistic analysis.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:Category
telix:Context
telix:Phrase
Range:
xsd:float

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Property: telix:purpose

URI: http://purl.org/telix#purpose

Purpose - Property Purpose shows a situation presented by a satellite discourse unit to be realized through the activity in a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:purposeClauseModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#purposeClauseModifier

Purpose clause modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:realizes

URI: http://purl.org/telix#realizes

Realizes - A label occurrence is a concrete realization of a term (a word or a collection of words) in a text

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label

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Property: telix:referent

URI: http://purl.org/telix#referent

Referent -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:dependent
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:refines

URI: http://purl.org/telix#refines

Refines - Property refines enabling to express these hierarchies between large lists of part-of-speechs.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

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Property: telix:relative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#relative

Relative -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:complementArgument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:relativeClauseModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#relativeClauseModifier

Relative clause modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:restatement

URI: http://purl.org/telix#restatement

Restatement - Property Restatement is used to assert that a satellite discourse unit restates what a nuclear discourse unit had already stated.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:semanticDependent

URI: http://purl.org/telix#semanticDependent

Semantic dependent -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:sense

URI: http://purl.org/telix#sense

Sense - Property sense links a label, a label occurrence or even a phrase to an external entity, for instance a skos:Concept or a dbpedia resource, which provides its meaning.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label

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Property: telix:sequence

URI: http://purl.org/telix#sequence

Sequence - Property Sequence defines a succession relationship between the situations presented by more than one nuclear discourse units.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:paratactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:solutionhood

URI: http://purl.org/telix#solutionhood

Solutionhood - The Solutionhood property presents a solution to a problem presented in a previous discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:source

URI: http://purl.org/telix#source

Source - Property source links a collocation or a linguistic annotation to a textual source. It is worth remarking that is a functional property following the premise that there is only one sense for each collocation in a particular discourse.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
Domain:
telix:Annotation
telix:Context
Range:
http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text
telix:Corpus

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Property: telix:specifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#specifier

Specifier - Property specifier marks the role of a cover term for any category which occurs as the daughter of a maximal projection and the sister of a one-bar projection and which serves in some (often rather ill-defined) sense to delimit the range of applicability of the maximal projection.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence
telix:Phrase
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#Label

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Property: telix:subject

URI: http://purl.org/telix#subject

Subject -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:argument
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:summary

URI: http://purl.org/telix#summary

Summary - Property Summary asserts that the content provided by a satellite discourse unit gives a shorter restatement of what a nuclear discourse unit previously provided.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:synonym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#synonym

Synonym - A relation between two different lexemes with the same meaning.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
OWL Type:
SymmetricProperty
sub-property-of:
http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#labelRelation

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Property: telix:temporalModifier

URI: http://purl.org/telix#temporalModifier

Temporal modifier -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:modifier
Domain:
telix:LabelOccurrence
Range:
telix:LabelOccurrence

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Property: telix:tense

URI: http://purl.org/telix#tense

Tense -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Tense

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Property: telix:value

URI: http://purl.org/telix#value

Value - The value is the representation of the textual unit as a character string.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:TextualUnit

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Property: telix:voice

URI: http://purl.org/telix#voice

Voice -

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:feature
Range:
telix:Voice

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Property: telix:volitionalCause

URI: http://purl.org/telix#volitionalCause

Volitional cause - Property Volitional cause shows a situation presented by a satellite discourse unit as a cause for the volitional action presented in a nuclear discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:volitionalResult

URI: http://purl.org/telix#volitionalResult

Volitional result - Property Volitional result shows a situation presented by a nuclear discourse unit as a cause for the action or situation presented by a satellite discourse unit.

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
telix:hypotactic
Domain:
telix:DiscourseUnit
Range:
telix:DiscourseUnit

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Property: telix:window

URI: http://purl.org/telix#window

Window - Property window or window of the context marks the number of words to the right or left within the target collocation.

OWL Type:
DatatypeProperty
Domain:
telix:Context
Range:
xsd:integer

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Instance: telix:ablative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#ablative

Ablative case - The ablative case is the one that generally marks motion away from something, though the details in each language may differ.

RDF Type:
telix:Case
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:accusative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#accusative

Accusative case - The accusative case is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:active

URI: http://purl.org/telix#active

Active voice -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Voice

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Instance: telix:antipassive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#antipassive

Antipassive voice - The antipassive voice is a voice affecting ergative languages that works on transitive verbs by deleting the object.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Voice

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Instance: telix:applicative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#applicative

Applicative voice - The applicative voice promotes an oblique argument of a verb to the (core) patient argument, and indicates the oblique role within the meaning of the verb.

RDF Type:
telix:Voice
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:causative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#causative

Causative voice - The causative voice is the one used to indicate that a subject causes someone or something else to do or be something, or causes a change in state of a non-volitional event.

RDF Type:
telix:Voice
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:cc

URI: http://purl.org/telix#cc

CC - Coordinating conjunction

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:cd

URI: http://purl.org/telix#cd

CD - Cardinal number

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:conditional

URI: http://purl.org/telix#conditional

Conditional - The conditional mood is used in the independent clause of a conditional sentence to refer to a hypothetical state of affairs, or an uncertain event that is contingent on another set of circumstances. This mood differs from the subjunctive mood, which occurs in dependent clauses.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:dative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#dative

Dative case - The dative case is the grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:distributivePlural

URI: http://purl.org/telix#distributivePlural

Distributive plural - As in Navajo, distributive plural number is used for many instances viewed as independent individuals.

RDF Type:
telix:Number
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:dt

URI: http://purl.org/telix#dt

DT - Determiner

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:dual

URI: http://purl.org/telix#dual

Dual number - As in Slovene, a grammatical number that some languages use in addition to singular and plural. When a noun or pronoun appears in dual form, it is interpreted as referring to precisely two of the entities (objects or persons) identified by the noun or pronoun. Verbs can also have dual agreement forms in these languages.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Number

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Instance: telix:ex

URI: http://purl.org/telix#ex

EX - Existential 'there'

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:femenine

URI: http://purl.org/telix#femenine

Femenine gender -

RDF Type:
telix:Gender
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:first

URI: http://purl.org/telix#first

First person -

RDF Type:
telix:Person
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:future

URI: http://purl.org/telix#future

Future tense - The future tense marks the event described by a given verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future (in an absolute tense system), or to happen subsequent to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense system).

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Tense

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Instance: telix:fw

URI: http://purl.org/telix#fw

FW - Foreign word

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:genitive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#genitive

Genitive case - The genitive case is the one that marks a noun as modifying another noun.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:gnomic

URI: http://purl.org/telix#gnomic

Gnomic aspect - The gnomic aspect (neutral, generic or universal) is a grammatical aspect that expresses general truths or aphorisms.

RDF Type:
telix:Aspect
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:imperative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#imperative

Imperative - The imperative mood expresses direct commands, prohibitions, and requests.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:imperfective

URI: http://purl.org/telix#imperfective

Imperfective aspect - The imperfective aspect is the non-bounded view with reference to temporal flow of a given action, event, or state, from the point of view of the speaker.

RDF Type:
telix:Aspect
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:in

URI: http://purl.org/telix#in

IN - Preposition

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:inchoative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#inchoative

Inchoative aspect - The inchoative aspect is a grammatical aspect, referring to the beginning of an action or state.

RDF Type:
telix:Aspect
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:indicative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#indicative

Indicative - The indicative or evidential mood is used for factual statements and positive beliefs.

RDF Type:
telix:Mood
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:instrumental

URI: http://purl.org/telix#instrumental

Instrumental case - The instrumental case is the one used to indicate that a noun is the instrument or means by or with which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:interrogative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#interrogative

Interrogative - The interrogative mood is the one used for asking questions.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:jj

URI: http://purl.org/telix#jj

JJ - Adjective

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:jjs

URI: http://purl.org/telix#jjs

JJS - Adjective, superlative

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:jussive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#jussive

Jussive - The jussive mood, found in Arabic for instance, is used to express pleading, insistence, imploring, self-encouragement, wishing, desiring, intention, commanding, purpose or consequence.

RDF Type:
telix:Mood
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:locative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#locative

Locative case - The locative case is the grammatical case indicating a location.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:ls

URI: http://purl.org/telix#ls

LS - List item marker

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:masculine

URI: http://purl.org/telix#masculine

Masculine gender -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Gender

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Instance: telix:md

URI: http://purl.org/telix#md

MD - Modal

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:middle

URI: http://purl.org/telix#middle

Middle - The middle voice suppose a set of inflections or constructions which is to some extent different from both the active and passive voices.

RDF Type:
telix:Voice
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:neuter

URI: http://purl.org/telix#neuter

Neuter gender -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Gender

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Instance: telix:nn

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nn

NN - Noun, singular or mass

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:nnp

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nnp

NNP - Proper noun, singular

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:nnps

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nnps

NNPS - Proper noun, plural

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:nns

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nns

NNS - Noun, plural

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:nominative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#nominative

Nominative case - The nominative case is the grammatical case that generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Case

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Instance: telix:optative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#optative

Optative - The optative is a grammatical mood that indicates a wish or hope.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:passive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#passive

Passive voice -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Voice

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Instance: telix:past

URI: http://purl.org/telix#past

Past tense - The past tense is a grammatical tense that places an action or situation in the past of the current moment or prior to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Tense

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Instance: telix:paucal

URI: http://purl.org/telix#paucal

Paucal number - As in Walpiri or some nouns in Arabic, the paucal number is used for a few (as opposed to many) instances of the referent.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Number

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Instance: telix:pdt

URI: http://purl.org/telix#pdt

PDT -

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:perfective

URI: http://purl.org/telix#perfective

Perfective aspect - The perfective aspect is the unitary view without internal temporal flow of a given action, event, or state, from the point of view of the speaker.

RDF Type:
telix:Aspect
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:plural

URI: http://purl.org/telix#plural

Plural number - Plural number is a concept of quantity (i.e., grammatical number) representing a value of more-than-one.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Number

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Instance: telix:pose

URI: http://purl.org/telix#pose

POSE - Possessive ending

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:potential

URI: http://purl.org/telix#potential

Potential - The potential is a mood of probability indicating that, in the opinion of the speaker, the action or occurrence is considered likely.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:present

URI: http://purl.org/telix#present

Presente tense - The present tense is a grammatical tense that locates a situation or event in present time.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Tense

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Instance: telix:prp

URI: http://purl.org/telix#prp

PRP - Personal pronoun

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:prps

URI: http://purl.org/telix#prps

PRP$ - Possessive pronoun

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:quadral

URI: http://purl.org/telix#quadral

Quadral number - The quadral number would denote four items together, as trial does three.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Number

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Instance: telix:rb

URI: http://purl.org/telix#rb

RB - Adverb

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:rbr

URI: http://purl.org/telix#rbr

RBR - Adverb, comparative

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:rbs

URI: http://purl.org/telix#rbs

RBS - Adverb, superlative

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:rp

URI: http://purl.org/telix#rp

RP - Particle

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:second

URI: http://purl.org/telix#second

Second person -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Person

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Instance: telix:singular

URI: http://purl.org/telix#singular

Singular number - Singular number refers to one member of a designated class.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Number

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Instance: telix:subjunctive

URI: http://purl.org/telix#subjunctive

Subjunctive - The subjunctive is a verb mood typically used in subordinate clauses to express various states of irreality such as wish, emotion, possibility, judgment, opinion, necessity, or action that has not yet occurred.

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Mood

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Instance: telix:sym

URI: http://purl.org/telix#sym

SYM - Symbol

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:third

URI: http://purl.org/telix#third

Third person -

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:Person

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Instance: telix:to

URI: http://purl.org/telix#to

TO - "To"

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:trial

URI: http://purl.org/telix#trial

Trial number - As in some Austronesian languages, it is a grammatical number referring to 'three items', in contrast to 'singular' (one item), 'dual' (two items), and 'plural' (four or more items).

RDF Type:
telix:Number
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:uh

URI: http://purl.org/telix#uh

UH - Interjection

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:vb

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vb

VB - Verb, base form

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:vbd

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vbd

VBD - Verb, past tense

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:vbg

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vbg

VBG - Verb or gerund

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:vbn

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vbn

VBN - Verb, past participle

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:vbp

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vbp

VBP - Verb, non-3rd person singular present

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:vbz

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vbz

VBZ - Verb, 3rd person singular present

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:vocative

URI: http://purl.org/telix#vocative

Vocative case - The vocative case is the case used for a noun identifying the person (in a grammatical way of saying) being addressed.

RDF Type:
telix:Case
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:wdt

URI: http://purl.org/telix#wdt

WDT - Wh-determiner

RDF Type:
telix:PartOfSpeech
owl:Thing

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Instance: telix:wp

URI: http://purl.org/telix#wp

WP - Wh-pronoun

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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Instance: telix:wps

URI: http://purl.org/telix#wps

WP$ - Possessive wh-pronoun

RDF Type:
owl:Thing
telix:PartOfSpeech

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...

Appendix: Reference

The URL of the TELIX ontology is FIXME.